Health change detection using temporal transductive learning

Abhay Harpale

Abstract: Industrial equipment, devices and patients typically undergo change from a healthy state to an unhealthy state. We develop a novel approach to detect unhealthy entities and also discover the time of change to enable deeper investigation into the cause for change. In the absence of an engineering or medical intervention, health degradation only happens in one direction --- healthy to unhealthy. Our transductive learning framework leverages this chronology of observations for learning a superior model with minimal supervision. Temporal Transduction is achieved by incorporating chronological constraints in the conventional max-margin classifier --- Support Vector Machines (SVM). We utilize stochastic gradient descent to solve the resulting optimization problem. Our experiments on publicly available benchmark datasets demonstrate the effectiveness of our approach in accurately detecting unhealthy entities with less supervision as compared to other strong baselines --- conventional and transductive SVM.